A Different Double Points View and The Return To Brazil

A Different Kind of Double-Points Breakdown

After years of claiming to be the most diverse series in the world, INDYCAR finally took a small step towards making that an honest reality. Sure the series races on both twistie and oval circuits, but the points have been massively unbalanced from the moment we were purported to be a multi discipline series.

With the news that double points will be awarded to all three Triple Crown events, indycar took a small step in the direction of actual instead of perceived balance. In the interest of full disclosure, I have already mentioned being on board with increasing the points awarded for oval races. (Link here, I mention as much in the ‘Balance’ section. Article was posted on 10/3/2012)

For the 2014 season, there will be 18 total races, with six being contested on oval tracks. If straight points, without bonus points, from 2013 were to be used for the 2014 season, twistie events would award 600 points while ovals would award a measly 300 points.

There will be 2385 miles contested on oval tracks and 2090 miles contested on twisties in 2014. (Race length for the Grand Prix of Indianapolis has not been released yet, so I am assuming 200 miles for the event) If we use the non-doubled points of 2013, One oval point accounted for 8 miles while a single twistie point accounted for 3.5 miles. That is a huge point difference being awarded per mile simply because the oval races can be up to twice the length while still awarding the same points.

Move ahead to the 2014 points system and the spread is not as shocking. 2385 miles on ovals with 493 points awarded, including Indy qualifying bonus points, lowers the miles per point for a season of oval races to about 4.8. Still not even in the same range as the 3.5 miles per point available on twisties, but much closer than we had in 2013.

To lower the miles per point to 3.5 on the ovals, equal to how points are awarded on the twistie portion of the schedule, there would have to be about 680 points awarded across the six ovals! It would take awarding double points at all oval rounds, plus the Indy qualifying bonus, plus a handful more points sprinkled in to make each mile raced in the season weighted equally in points.

This was not as big of a deal as when we had more ovals on the calendar, but with only a third of the schedule turning left, something had to be done. We always talk about balance in every facet of indycar racing and steps have actually been taken to make that ideal a reality.

I admit, from the outside, awarding double points looks like a massive shift in importance to the ovals. But even with the increase in points awarded, the twistie events are worth more per mile in the championship. In the past as Will Power has shown, you could crash out on almost every oval and still make a run at the championship. In 2014, performance on the ovals will be even more important to a championship assault.

Awarding miles per point is absolutely an ancient idea in the motorsport world, but I see it as a more pure way to score a championship. Why should a 250 mile and 500 mile event pay the same points? I want to see every mile count equally. I want skill to be equally important across every mile. I don’t want a road course stud to be able to throw away the ovals and still be in for a chance at the championship.

For some historical perspective, for most of the history of American-Open Wheel Racing, points were awarded based on the mileage of the race. A fantastic breakdown of the various points systems through the years can be found here.

Brazil

Autódromo Internacional Nelson PiquetSome good news came on the racing in Brazil front recently following the cancelation of the Sao Paulo 2014 round of the championship. The series and local promoters have recently spoken of a deal, possibly signed already, that would place a round of the 2015 season in Brasilia, Brazil.

Cool. But what’s so special about Brazilia? Well, the series is looking at the Autodromo Nelson Piquet as the venue to host indycar’s return to South America. Note that there are two facilities in Brazil with this name; the facility in question is not the Jacarepaguá (Emerson Fittipaldi Speedway) circuit that held oval races from 1996 through 2000.

What we are talking about is the same facility that has been in talks with MotoGP organizers and nearly inked a deal for the 2014 season. Delays in track modifications (read: safety upgrades), ultimately denied its homologation for the 2014 season.

The official statement from INDYCAR describes the track as: “Autodromo Nelson Piquet, which has a 12-turn, 3.4-mile counter-clockwise layout for most of the races, would host the event.” The word that stands out to me is “most”. Why include that modifier in the release?

What may have been missed is the existence of a 5 turn “perimeter road course” at the facility. To me, it looks more like a flat, possibly skinny oval with a dogleg between what would be turn 2 and turn 4. Could INDYCAR be hinting at an oval-ish type event down there? Could the addition of IndyCar be what the track needs to secure final funding for modifications?

I have no idea about any of this, but it does make for an interesting trail of breadcrumbs. Here is a link to a crazy Corvette Zr1 Hennessey 750 doing hot laps around the 12 turn circuit. If you look carefully, you can see the perimeter circuit pass through is simply coned off and in the same condition as the rest of the track. The video is from October 2013 and the track does not look to be in very bad shape at all.

I would love to see the series attempt the wonky oval type road course thing. Car setup would definitely be different than a road course or oval package and could pose some interesting decisions for engineers to overcome. Of course this is idle banter until something official is released, but the possibility is very interesting.

Eric Hall

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Into The Crystal Ball… 2014 is Upon Us!

crystal ballThe green flag drops in St. Petersburg in a bit over a week and we haven’t event talked a word about 2014! The season finally kicks off in sunny southern Florida and finally marking the end of a long and cold off-season; an off-season packed with news and driver moves and noisier than indycar has been in between seasons in recent memory. We lost a few events, gained a few drivers and corporate guys and solidified the remains of the calendar into a repeatable schedule ripe for growth. I’m not sure if anything in indycar-world was left untouched during the off-season. What we have left is a more or less positive feeling about 2014 and beyond.

So, welcome back to anotherindycarblog and as thanks for returning you get one whole extra discussion point because it’s the SUPER SPECIAL SEASON PREVIEW!!!

Six Things to Watch

Honda Twin-Turbo Engine – During the off-season, Honda dumped its single turbo setup used since the introduction of the new engine formula. Under normal circumstances, changing the configuration of an engine three years into a highly competitive and homologated series like IndyCar is a recipe for disaster. However, this is Honda we are talking about; a proud company based in competition. Honda did so much engine control work to make the single turbo setup compete with the Chevy twin unit that it is nearly certain they learned more than a bit of 2.2 liter IndyCar engine voodoo that Chevy would not have been otherwise been exposed to. Those secrets should allow Honda to unlock instant potential in the engines and fight for wins from day one of the championship.

Compact Scheduling – The 18 round, 15 event, 14 track schedule is one of the more balanced and consistent schedules we have seen in years. Of course I would like to have a few more ovals, but just a single roundy-round event added before Indy and a natural terrain road course somewhere between the GP of Indy and Mid-Ohio would have made the 2014 trail perfect.  Save for the run of four road and street events to start the season, the events are well distributed and the longest schedule gap is three weeks between Texas and Houston. The year closes with three straight weeks of combat to punctuate what will be a non-stop summer of action. For what we have to work with, the year ahead looks great and there is plenty of space before and after for future additions to compliment the solid string of events inaugurated in 2014.

Points – Double points are to be awarded at the three 500 mile races this year. These are the supposed crown jewels in the triple-crown, so extra weight on these events makes sense. This also brings point balance to the schedule by making more points available on ovals and bringing the total closer to the points available on road and street courses. Too bad we aren’t awarding road and oval trophies this year, but that is a rant for another day. Kind of gimmicky yes, but not out of the realm of sanity. A little over 30 years ago, a 500 mile race was worth 100 points and a 200 mile twistie race would be worth 40 points. How this plays out at the end of the year should be interesting. There could be many more players involved in the historically close championship than we are used to seeing. Which is almost uncomprehendable.

Tires – What would any racing preview be without tire discussion? 2014 may have a different look for Firestone as there is quiet talk that they may actually develop the road tire during the year. There were also reports from the Barber test that the compound provided by Firestone was already softer and gripiper than what the drivers had in 2013. Taking into account the debacle that was Firestone introducing a drizzle tire that was “more of an intermediate rain tire than its full wet predecessor” with a “tread pattern inspired by the Firestone Firehawk Wide Oval Indy 500 passenger tire”, the company’s commitment to bring a new and true full wet to the series this year is more than welcome. By bringing us an enhanced product, Firestone feels much more focused and onboard with IndyCar in 2014.

Chassis Development – During the offseason, safety development of the DW-12 has been well underway. Anti-intrusion laminate, carbon fiber cockpit opening rings and advanced foams have all been added with only ten pounds gained by the already robust chassis. During the summer of 2013 we also heard whispers of undertray aero development for this year’s Indy 500. As of yet, there is no word on the status of said whispers, but all of this points to the expectation that the introduction of aerokits in 2015 will raise speeds; one part of the equation in breaking the track record. The undertray development could be the first step in the quest for speed. All the talk of breaking Luyendyk’s record in nice and all, but there is still that 241.428 that stands as the ultimate speed barrier at a track the bandwagon stops by at the end of the year.

Team Penske – The addition of Montoya to Team Penske was exactly what Will Power didn’t need. With the retirement of Dario, Power finally had the headspace to make an honest run for the championship. We know Dario wasn’t performing to the top of his abilities in 2013, but his mere presence on track was enough to derail Power. 2014 looked like his year until Montoya found a home right beside him. Power could insulate himself from Franchitti because they didn’t debrief together, nor did they share a garage or a team. Montoya will win this year and he will be a force to be reckoned with. Power needs a smooth road to a championship and Montoya will present a huge pothole for him. And there is always Castroneves waiting in the wings to pounce while still chasing that elusive fourth sip of milk in May.

Seventh-Thing-to-Watch-Just-Because-I-Want-To-Put-It-Out-There-Now – Busch can win the 500. Allmendinger + Busch’s skill – seatbelts = 2013 Indy 500 champion.

Predictions

Series Championship – Juan Pablo Montoya – Read this for the first of many times this year: JPM is the best driver of our generation. A CART championship and F1 championship finishes of two thirds, a fourth, fifth and sixth in the Schumacher era? Check. Monaco and the Indy 500 wins? Check. The powers that be possibly blocking him from success in NASCAR? Check. You can have the field, I’ll take Montoya.

Indy 500 Champion – Tony Kanaan –I am physically unable to pick any other driver as long as he is entered.

Rookie of the Year – Carlos Munoz – If he can keep it out of the tires and off of the walls for most of the season, nothing can stop the driver that wowed us in only his first 500 attempt.

Manufacturer Title – Honda – See: Chevy contingent. Ganassi, KV, Penske and possibly DRR, Panther and Dragon. A prickly group to say the least. Honda is lean, focused and has an incredible group of teams to develop with and to back the Andretti armada.

Triple Crown – Dixon takes Pocono and Fontana – Dixon could be unbeatable this year on the ovals, but then again he is almost every year. Easy pick.

That’s it! I’m more than ready for another ridiculously exciting season of IndyCar racing and the wait in 2014 has been tougher than usual. US sports car racing is in shambles, F1 is cool but slightly underwhelming and NASCAR is dead to me. Win 35 in a row, come in second at the finale and lose the championship?! Come on. With all of the positive momentum gained over the offseason with rules changes, strengthening of INDYCAR management, increased commitment from key partners and a cohesive schedule, I don’t see anything in the way of IndyCar growing in popularity. Not to mention, the on-track action is as close and as competitive as it has ever been. 2014 will be a telling year in the saga of American open-wheel racing; strap in, because it’s going to be a wild ride.

Eric Hall

P.S. I did an entirely different style of season preview for “Pit Lane Reporter”. The business begins on page 42. Direct link here.

Posted in Into the crystal ball | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Things are Changing Again! on OP, Pit Lane Reporter, aicb, and IndyCar Blogs

Hello! Welcome back to anotherindycarblog. As you can see, it’s already been another active year! A few administrative issues to get through before we can get back to the same ‘ol aicb goodness we are all used to.

I have mostly shuttered my portion of Open Paddock.net. Why?! Well, remember the “Podium Magazine” from last year? Well, it has been rebranded as the “Pit Lane Reporter” and is even prettier than before. My large feature articles will appear there monthly with the usual drivel available here at some sort of regularity. Our first issue went live today! (Direct link to first issue) Download, read, share and interact!

The conflict of interest created by my transition to the full-house motorsport publication has necessitated my resignation from the still awesome, but also full-house source of motorsport coverage, Open Paddock.

My “How Did We Get here?” series of article originally appearing at OP will absolutely be finished. That (or those, not sure how many articles the series will take to finish) will be my last written appearance on Open Paddock for the foreseeable future. Of course, they will be posted here at least a week after appearing on OP.

On a more personal level, I also felt that shuttering my blog to transition to an actual motorsport site was the wrong decision. Open Paddock is a fantastic place and can cultivate A+ talent not otherwise available through independent blogging. Just look at Mr. Kevin Neely; an amazing writer who exploded onto the scene at OP. I have no worries about the continuation of their historically fantastic IndyCar coverage.

Basically, I felt that closing my slice of the internet and moving to OP caused more harm than good to the entirety of independent coverage of IndyCar. Sure, I would probably do better as OP has a much greater reach than I do. But a shuttered blog is not helping fight the good fight, and I had the power and drive to rectify that situation. So here we are again!

A common misconception about blogging is that we only do it to see out names in the lights, monetize somehow or just to “get in”. For me, I was inspired by the bloggers I was reading and I needed a new hobby so writing it was. I already like indycar but was not a successful language student. I nearly failed every spelling, writing, grammar, French, Spanish, English class I took… I was not passing with flying colors… at all. My new hobby not only allowed me to find a new creative outlet, but it was also a journey of personal improvement.

I want to enjoy they awesomeness that is indycar racing! I also want to just put more content out there. We enjoy an under the radar sport that could always use more balanced and well spoken commentary. I’ve met life long friends and shared some amazing experiences with them through this crazy journey. I just want as many people as possible to know about and be involved with this most epic sport.

Along those same lines, I have created a new site called The IndyCar Blogs. A place where every single Indycar blog I can find will be linked to. Alive or dead, shuttered or active, the pages will live on. Some sites aren’t even available to read anymore, but I have included everyone. Currently it is just a list, but links will be added soon enough.

I’ve created a twitter account to accompany the list. The goal will be to simply retweet every single new blog post from across the IndyCar blogosphere. Make no mistake; this is not a ratings grab by me! I want to share ALL THE WORDS! When I found out there was such a thing as an IndyCar blog so many years ago, those writers rekindled my love of the sport and possibly sent it into over drive. The least I can do is share as many new and established writers as I can!

Eric Hall

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The Core Audience: YouTube is King

(NOTE: This post originally appeared on OpenPaddock.net on 2/18/2014. My writing at OP will all be archived here to keep my work compiled in a single location at least one week after originally appearing at OpenPaddock.net.)

(NOTE 2: The numbers used in this article were retrieved on the afternoon of February18, 2014)

A conversation between Matt Archuleta (@Indy44 get on twitter… follow him now), Steve Jarzombek (@sejarzo) and myself about YouTube, subscribers, the NASCAR behemoth and IndyCar uncovered something interesting.

We all know that NASCAR far and away exceeds INDYCAR in popularity in all aspects of the word. But a curious little tidbit came to light when looking through social media numbers. The oft quoted social media count to determine who is watching is twitter. The official IndyCar account (@indyCar) boasts a following of 105,668, while NASCAR (@NASCAR) comes in at a respectable 1,349,455. With an order of magnitude advantage, the evidence is pretty damning concerning who talks about what more.

Over on YouTube, the story is a bit different. NASCAR has 53,219 subscribers, while IndyCar has 108,645. Considering this is a NASCAR verse IndyCar numbers comparison, the difference was quite surprising to me. The subscribership/follower numbers for indycar are very close, whereas the NASCAR twitter following dwarfs its YouTube subscriber number by over 20 times the amount.

The reasons could be simple, and probably are, but there may be more complex things at work here. Another twitter user (@JPIndycar) quickly pointed out that NASCAR has many other media outlets to distribute content through. Races, practice, qualifying, testing, hunting, cooking, magazines, news, RV pimping; the list of NASCAR themed and related properties could go on forever. IndyCar and its fans and sponsors would do nearly anything for the kind of saturation and exposure that NASCAR enjoys.

And of course, there will be an argument that NASCAR fans may not be as tech savvy as IndyCar fans. The twitter numbers and the views of NASCAR crash videos would say otherwise.

But these numbers got me thinking. Who is the core audience; the audience that will choose Verizon over Sprint because of auto racing affiliation? We all know that casual fans pay the bills and build the playgrounds, but how exactly does one determine that core audience number?

How many are left standing once all the “casual” viewers are swept away? Common knowledge states that the bulk of NASCAR consumers are also entertainment consumers; the regular stick and ball guys who also watch and odd sprinkling of other entertainment properties. The IndyCar casual audience looks to be absent.

I said crash videos earlier because the NASCAR channel itself does not have a staggering amount of views, and the content is a bit sparse considering who we are talking about. IndyCar has 2,144 videos while NASCAR has 1,835 videos. The views are pretty similar with videos getting one to five thousand views while the odd standout may have 20 thousand plus. But the crash videos posted by everyday users for each series could have over a million views each.

There are many more user posted NASCAR videos, but they are usually some kind of crash video. And the users who post these videos are usually in the business of posting various crash compilation videos. There are more NASCAR videos around simply because they crash more often and more spectacularly than other forms of racing. Again, yet another segment of the casual audience who are searching for crash videos on the whole, and the view numbers for both forms of racing crash videos are very similar.

YouTube is a fantastic place to find cool videos and is used by nearly everyone with an internet connection, but the subscription system seems to be the home of the fanatics. They are the kind of fan who is guided by brand loyalty and must consume every ounce of media that their favorite racing series releases. The fan that will support the series before supporting any singe driver or team. The fan invested in the longevity and perpetuity of their favorite kind of racing.

Could this be one area where IndyCar could leverage its advantage over NASCAR? I have no idea, and I am probably completely backwards how I interpreted these numbers. But the fact still remains; IndyCar has twice the amount of YouTube subscribers over NASCAR, which has to could mean something.

Does the number of YouTube subscribers indicate core audience size? These guys are dedicated enough to have an account and click subscribe with the intent to return for content. If you could pinpoint this core audience and find a way to speak directly to them, could you use this communication to leverage nontraditional advertisers and sponsors in a nontraditional way? I have no idea, but it is always cooler when you feel an organization is speaking directly to you because they “get you”.

YouTube has replaced casual or couch surfing TV viewing for me, thus freeing me from the tyrannies of non-DVRed programing of which I cannot skip through commercials while watching. YouTube is possibly the best route to advertise to me while having my undivided attention outside of radio commercials during my morning drive to work dose of Bob and Tom.

Do you have a YouTube account and are you a subscription user? I am, and have found that I get huge amounts of fresh and interesting content on a daily basis. When IndyCar shows up in my feed it’s just bonus because I have already decided to watch YouTube without purposefully seeking out IndyCar specific content to watch. It has become increasingly more difficult to directly advertise to people; maybe it is time to turn up the volume for people who are already actively listening.

Eric Hall

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A Trophy and a Concert

(NOTE: This post originally appeared on OpenPaddock.net on 2/13/2014. My writing at OP will all be archived here to keep my work compiled in a single location at least one week after originally appearing at OpenPaddock.net.)

I must commend IMS and INDYCAR for the bold design of the trophy for the new Grand Prix of Indianapolis. The trophy, although not a physical creation as of yet, looks to be another polished silver beauty that has come to define Indycar championship hardware.

The futuristic look for the trophy dazzles me; high-tech and aspirational were the two words that come to mind as soon as I saw the hardware. Plus, the trophy has absolutely no historical connections, and I feel that was the correct decision, and important to building the foundations of a successful event. This race isn’t The 500, why would we connect 500 iconography with it?

Instead of attempting to coalesce some sort of esoteric historically relevant icon with a race and trophy that has zero historical importance, IMS and INDYCAR have created something that looks like it is straight out of the pages of a science fiction novel. The trophy isn’t adorned with a tiny Pagoda, or a bronzed tenderloin, and for good reason. No one has attempted to fake history to make this race more attractive to potential attendees. The trophy is a physical representation of the awareness of everyone involved that this is a brand new race.

When placed next to the historic Borg-Warner trophy, the new-take-on-and-old-tradition of the Triple-Crown trophy, and the historic-but-more-or-less-connectionless-with-modern-Indycar Astor Cup, The GPoI trophy will look right at home. This is new and old living together, and that is the very definition of Indycar racing.

For once, instead of shoehorning something new into history, IMS and INDYCAR have finally turned an eye to the future. The race is new and the trophy design is fresh. With that said, the main complaint about staging such a race still heard today is: Won’t you think of the tradition?!

What tradition? This race has nothing of the sort and respectably, the powers that be have treated it as such. Personally, I hope there is no milk in victory lane, and that the winning team does not kiss the bricks. This is a new event; we should be looking to make new traditions.

You don’t like the idea of running Indycars at IMS on another weekend besides Memorial Day? For better or worse, the sanctity of 16th and Georgetown was already erased in 1992. It’s time for IMS and INDYCAR to leverage that huge piece of capitol that is more ghost town than social hub for most days of the year.

Continuing down this path, IMS has inked a deal with country singer Jason Aldean to play a concert on the evening before the 500. That is a day when The Speedway should be a social hub, but currently looks more like that ghost town so many are afraid of.

Sure, the Firestone backing could have been used in another location to bring what could be 50,000+ concert goers to another facility on the schedule. But this felt more like a direct deal with IMS. Which is, in case we forgot, an important neighbor in Indianapolis society. Would Mr. Aldean have really played in the middle of nowhere Mid-Ohio or Barber? Would he really sign up to play at Milwaukee where the total capacity is a paltry in comparison 37,000 people?

No. The local track is simply trying to make use of its facility for more than a few weekends a year.

From an Indianapolis prospective, I hope this is the start of something more regular. As one of the largest small market cities in the nation, Indianapolis has no mid-sized or super-sized outdoor concert venues. To the north we have the Klipsch Music Center with a capacity of 24,000 and downtown we have The Lawn at White River State Park with a capacity of 6,000.

Could IMS be trying out a plan to plant a permanent concert facility in turn four? I hope so. Add a few fences and ticket gates and only a standard parking and concert venue work force would be needed to man the event, instead of an ocean of yellow shirts that usually accompany open gates at The Speedway.

As a city, we miss out on mid-sized acts that are too small to sell out Klipsch, but too large to play at the Lawn. This would be the perfect location to file 15,000 people in on a regular basis while still allowing a place for the biggest acts in music to finally make Indianapolis a summer stop on the tour schedule. This could very well fill a much needed niche in the Indianapolis leisure activities department. Believe me, we are all tired of driving to Chicago to see world renowned acts.

Sure, this could be seen as INDYCAR and IMS thinking inside of 465, but it could also be a local business trying to improve the way Indianapolis is seen on a national level. I do not believe that a concert at a racetrack has anything to do with the health of a national racing series. Nor should it be used to gauge INDYCAR’s commitment to growing the series nationally.

It’s often hard to separate IMS from INDYCAR, but this just a concert happening at a place we all happen to love and is inextricably linked with the bigger idea American open-wheel racing.

Without the availability of IMS, I doubt Mr. Aldean would have made a stop in Indy. There just isn’t the venue to hold an act of his caliber, and many people in central Indiana will be pumped that he is actually making an appearance here. And who knows, maybe some of those concert goers will accidentally see some Indycars. Where was your first exposure to Indycar racing? I bet it had something to do with the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.

Eric Hall

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How Did We Get Here? Pt. 3 The Indy Effect

(NOTE: This post originally appeared on OpenPaddock.net on 1/27/2014. My writing at OP will all be archived here to keep my work compiled in a single location at least one week after originally appearing at OpenPaddock.net.)

(NOTE 2: Part one here. Part two here.)

After years of instability, the championship had finally become recognized and repeatable. Historical mistakes were made, but the sport is well on its way to greatness and The Indianapolis Motor Speedway finally takes the helm of championship racing for the first time.

Board track racing was at its height in the early 1920’s. Millions of trees were felled to accommodate the hundreds of miles of the highly banked wooden autodromes that popped up all around the nation. These facilities led to a decline in interest from the general public. The high banking and speeds almost guaranteed there would be no passing; the highest starting car that could stay in one piece would nearly always claim victory.

National championship regulations had allowed more or less bespoke racing machines to contest the trail. This equipment was foreign to the general public, bearing almost no resemblance to the automobiles they drove on the street. Interest was slipping and the first threats to the Championship started to expose themselves. Audiences were clamoring for the unpredictability of dirt track racing, and more recognizable machinery.

Fans got their wishes very quickly, safety hazards and the cubic dollars required for the upkeep of autodromes saw the last board track race take place at Altoona in 1931. The facilities quickly faded from existence. Outside of the bricks of Indianapolis, all championship races took place on the dirt.

During the same time, Indianapolis Motor Speedway president Eddie Rickenbacker pushed through a rule set that has more recently taken on the misnomer “Junkyard Formula”. What looked like a relaxing of the rules to allow cheaper and less technical shade-tree mechanics to enter equipment into the race was actually a move to entice automotive manufacturers to come back to the championship. They had been all but absent for over a decade, citing the bespoke equipment as no interest to them.

The equipment that contested the championship in the 30’s was more akin to sports cars or stock cars than the fire breathing thoroughbred monsters that had previously graced the circuits of America. Large displacement naturally aspirated engines and riding mechanics replaced the tiny supercharged single seat equipment from years past.

This was also the first time IMS flexed its muscles in the face of the sanctioning body. Series bosses had almost always deferred to The Speedway on technical matters, but this time IMS pushed the agenda that it saw as correct. Although a massive fixture in National racing, IMS had finally positioned itself as the beginning and end of American open-wheel racing from a technical standpoint.

The late 20’s also saw the total decline of racing in the US. Transitioning from the post-WWI boom of 20 championship races to the pre-WWII bust of only a handful each year was a difficult process. Unstable rules, uncooperative promoters and financially poor owners ushered in the most tenuous time ever seen in big time racing. The late 30’s and early 40’s were shells of its former championship glory. Seasons saw an average of three or four rounds a years during this period. US racing was dying, and the merciful cancellation of big time racing in 1942 for WWII could not have come at a better time.

1946 saw the resuscitation of big time racing in the US. However, there were few facilities prepared to host championship racing. Even Indianapolis was questionable due to its neglect during the war. The decision was made to include sprint car events in the national championship trail to pad event and entrant numbers during this complete rebuild season.

Six Championship car events, historically defined as a race over 100 miles in length, and 71 sprint car events were included the calendar that year. Better than expected car counts led to a fair bit of confusion regarding what is and isn’t championship history during the 1946 season.  Whatever confusion is present in period sources, AAA released a memo ahead of the 1947 season stating that championship scoring for the 1947 season will revert to only Champ Car races, plus the Pikes Peak Hill Climb.

Dirt racing had been the predominant style of racing after filling the void left by board track racing. Only Pikes Peak and Indianapolis being the two non-dirt events until the inclusion of paved Darlington Raceway in 1951. It took a few years to catch on, but by 1956, a third of the championship was held on pavement and the divergence of pavement and dirt cars started in earnest.

1955 marked a time of new beginnings and rapid change as AAA withdrew from race sanctioning, instead choosing to focus on public automobiling services and programs. The power vacuum allowed Tony Hulman, then owner of IMS, to step in and create the United States Auto Club (USAC) to handle championship sanctions. By doing this, Hulman had consolidated IMS, big time auto racing, and technical control of the championship into one unified behemoth.

Indianapolis did indeed take full power of Championship racing, but it wasn’t with the single knockout punch of creating the 500 that sealed its place. Once board tracks fell to the wayside, IMS was the last strong promoter and track owner to compete with fairground horse racing tracks. This allowed Speedway brass a more free hand in guiding the technical regulations on behalf of the manufacturers and owners. A move AAA clearly had no motivation to make, evident by the missing but promised supercharger equivalency formula following the riding mechanic era.

Next week will examine the Split era’s and how in choosing where and what to race in the championship has led us to IndyCar racing as we know it today.

Eric Hall

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How Did We Get Here? Pt. 2 When Did It Go Sideways?

(NOTE: This post originally appeared on OpenPaddock.net on 1/20/2014. My writing at OP will all be archived here to keep my work compiled in a single location at least one week after originally appearing at OpenPaddock.net.)

(NOTE2: Part one here.)

Welcome back to the weird and wonderful world that is AAA and INDYCAR history. Racing through the 20’s was political, but more or less straight forward in its execution. The late 20’s bring a whole different problem. Instead of making history, AAA was finally interested in documenting its history correctly and accurately. You can decide how successful they eventually were.

In 1926/1927, AAA Assistant Secretary Arthur Means, for reasons unknown, created false season tables for 1909-1915 and 1917-1919 and reworked the 1920 season  stripping the championship from Gaston Chevrolet and awarding it to Tommy Milton. By 1929 Chevrolet reappeared as the champion and the Motor Age picks were considered cannon. Means’ work had slipped into oblivion and was filed away for the time being.

This version of history persisted until Russ Catlin found the Means crib sheets in early 1951. He, in his eyes, recovered history, and “restored” Milton as the 1920 champion; going as far as to award the still living Milton with a championship medal. (Chevrolet’s brothers were still alive in the late 20’s but had passed by this time; coincidence that no one was left to fight for Gaston?) Catlin also created champions from 1902 through 1908 to coincide with AAA’s golden anniversary. He wanted 50 years of champions for 50 years of operation and were folded into the ever changing cannon.

All of the early nineteen-naught picks were totally bogus; proof can be seen in his 1905 pick. Catlin chose Victor Hemery (the years Vanderbilt Cup winner) instead of Oldfield, the official 1905 champion. Showing that Catlin probably had no idea the proper 1905 season existed, not to mention period media is at complete odds with Catlin’s accounts. Why he did not reference contemporary media is unknown. Now it is thought that Mr. Catlin may not have been the crack historian he was once thought of as. Why did he choose some of Means’ work, but not all of it?

Sometime during the CART era, the 1902-1908 listings were finally dropped, but Catlin’s 1909-1915 and 1917-1919 champions proved to be a bit more persistent. It seems to me that sometime during the Champ Car era, as they had control over the old CART records, officials rectified some of the issues that had plagued history books for nearly 75 years. Gaston had been rightfully restored and at least an asterisk had been placed beside the false early seasons.

CART historian Bob Russo had always sided with Russ Catlin through many, continued attacks from up and coming revisionist historian John Glenn Printz. Starting in 1981, Printz actively lobbied CART to change its historical records to reflect what really happened. CART held firm, but in the 1985 CART media guide, the original, unaltered championship list was present with Chevrolet as the 1920 champion. CART had printed the listing by mistake and in 1986; the false list replaced the correct one. Printz and Russo proceeded to engage in a public feud carried out on the pages of “Indycar Racing” over the next few years.

Throughout the years, the AAA records had been stolen, thrown away or simply lost, leading to a few records finding their way to the Indianapolis Motor Speedway collection, with the bulk of what little surviving paperwork exists residing in the Racemaker Press storage room. By all accounts, a single box remains, its contents tainted by Russ Catlin.

Donald Davidson’s, the current IMS historian, connections with the Automobile Competition Committee for the United States  (ACCUS), the same organization that Bob Russo was part of, is probably what is stopping him from looking too closely at these early seasons. It’s easy for him to stay relegated to IMS history, and I’m not sure I blame him.

What our media guide holds now are the 1952 Catlin picks from 1909-1915 and 1917-1919. There is no official entry for 1905, and Gaston Chevrolet is the 1920 champion. But, of course, there is an asterisk and a lengthy admission that something is indeed funky with early history along with the Motor Age picks from 1909-1915 and 1919. The 1902-1908 picks are long gone.

When did our history start? 1896? 1899? 1902? 1905? 1909? 1916? Do our roots lay with the ACA and MCA as well as AAA? Is early Grand Prix racing included? I believe it started in 1905 with the first championship, took 11 years off and started again in 1916, was cancelled for WWI and fired up a third time for the 1920 season.

What do you think? How important is it that INDYCAR presents its records correctly and accurately? This discussion is about things over 100 years old, it can be difficult to change that much history, even if it is changed to reflect what actually happened. It surely did not start in 1909 when The Indianapolis Motor Speedway opened, or in 1911 when the first 500 was contested. How The Speedway fits into all of this will be looked at in detail next week along with even more confusion at the hand of AAA.

Eric Hall

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